Testosterone is a male sex hormone mainly produced by the testicles. It is becoming increasingly more common for male patients to come in talking about low testosterone, also known as hypogonadism. This isn’t necessarily a new problem; men are just becoming more open to talking about erectile dysfunction. As men age, most will begin to experience a gradual decline in testosterone. Often the most noticeable side effect is a decrease in sex drive.
Symptoms of Low Testosterone
There are both sexual and non-sexual symptoms of low testosterone. Some sexual signs include poor erectile function, low libido and weaker erections. Non-sexual symptoms related to low testosterone include reduced muscle mass, decreased energy and fatigue and depression. Men with high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels can also have low testosterone levels. Other diseases that can contribute to lows testosterone are diabetes, obesity, HIV / AIDS and chronic opioid. Low Testosterone is diagnosed with a blood test with the presences of symptoms.
Treatments for Low Testosterone
There are several ways to treat low testosterone. Replacement therapy can be used in many forms including skin gel, injections, patches, oral inserts and pellets. Skin gel or cream can be applied to the skin each morning and the testosterone is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Injections are a very reliable treatment that can be administered every week or every other week.
Testosterone pellets are tiny pellets places under a patient’s skin that needs to be repeated every 5-6 months.